ReadTopic

class lsst.ts.salobj.topics.ReadTopic(*, salinfo: SalInfo, attr_name: str, max_history: int, queue_len: int = 100, filter_ackcmd: bool = True)

Bases: lsst.ts.salobj.topics.base_topic.BaseTopic

Base class for reading a topic.

Parameters
salinfoSalInfo

SAL component information

attr_namestr

Topic name with attribute prefix. The prefix must be one of: cmd_, evt_, tel_, or (only for the ackcmd topic) ack_.

max_historyint

Maximum number of historical items to read:

  • 0 is required for commands, events, and the ackcmd topic.

  • 1 is recommended for telemetry. For an indexed component it is possible for data from one index to push data for another index off the DDS queue, so historical data is not guaranteed.

  • For the special case of reading an indexed SAL component with index=0 (read all indices) the only allowed values are 0 or 1. If 1 then retrieve the most recent sample for each index that is still in the read queue, in the order received. max_history > 1 is forbidden, because it is difficult to implement.

queue_lenint, optional

The maximum number of messages that can be read and not dealt with by a callback function or next before older messages will be dropped.

filter_ackcmdbool, optional

Filter out ackcmd topics so we only see responses to commands that we sent? This is normally what you want, but it is not wanted for SAL/Kafka producers. Ignored if name != “ackcmd”.

Raises
ValueError

If max_history < 0.

ValueError

If max_history > 0 and the topic is volatile (command or ackcmd).

ValueError

If queue_len < MIN_QUEUE_LEN.

ValueError

If max_history > queue_len.

ValueError

If for an indexed component if index=0 and max_history > 1. Reading more than one historical sample per index is more trouble than it is worth.

UserWarning

If max_history > DDS history queue depth or DDS durability service history depth for this topic. This is a warning rather than an exception, so that the DDS quality of service can be changed without breaking existing code.

Notes

Queues

There are two queues: a Python queue whose length is set by queue_len and a dds queue whose length is set by the DDS Quality of Service file. (The Python queue is needed because of limitations in the API for the OpenSplice DDS queue, including no access to the most recent message, no ability to ask how many messages are on the queue, and no asyncio support). In the doc strings for the methods, below, any reference to the queue refers to the Python queue.

Data can be lost from either queue:

  • If this class cannot read messages from the DDS queue fast enough, then older messages will be dropped from the DDS queue. You will get several warning log messages as the DDS queue fills.

  • As messages are read from the DDS queue they are put on the Python queue. If a callback function or next does not process data quickly enough then older messages are dropped from the Python queue. If you have a callback function then you will get several warning log messages as the Python queue fills up; you get no warning otherwise because ReadTopic has no way of knowing whether or not you intend to read all messages.

Reading

Reading is performed by the contained SalInfo, which has single read loop that reads messages for all topics. This is more efficient than having each ReadTopic read its own messages.

Modifying Messages

All functions that return messages return them from some form of internal cache. This presents a risk: if any reader modifies a message, then it will be modified for all readers of that message. To safely modify a returned message, make your own copy with copy.copy(data).

Attributes
isopenbool

Is this read topic open? True until close or basic_close is called.

dds_queue_length_checkerQueueCapacityChecker

Queue length checker for the DDS queue.

python_queue_length_checkerQueueCapacityChecker:

Queue length checker for the Python queue.

Attributes Summary

DataType

The type (class) for a message of this topic.

allow_multiple_callbacks

Can callbacks can run simultaneously?

callback

Callback function, or None if there is not one.

has_callback

Return True if there is a callback function.

has_data

Has any data ever been seen for this topic?

max_history

metadata

Get topic metadata as a TopicMetadata, if available,else None.

nqueued

Return the number of messages in the Python queue.

volatile

Does this topic have volatile durability?

Methods Summary

aget([timeout])

Get the most recent message, or wait for data if no data has ever been seen (has_data False).

basic_close()

A synchronous and possibly less thorough version of close.

close()

Shut down and release resources.

flush()

Flush the queue used by get_oldest and next.

get()

Get the most recent message, or None if no data has ever been seen (has_data False).

get_oldest()

Pop and return the oldest message from the queue, or None if the queue is empty.

next(*, flush[, timeout])

Pop and return the oldest message from the queue, waiting for data if the queue is empty.

Attributes Documentation

DataType

The type (class) for a message of this topic.

When you read or write a message for this topic you are reading or writing an instance of DataType.

Notes

The preferred way to write a message for a topic is:

  • RemoteCommand.start to start a command.

  • CommandEvent.write to write an event.

  • CommandTelemetry.write to write a telemetry message.

allow_multiple_callbacks

Can callbacks can run simultaneously?

Notes

Ignored for synchronous callbacks because those block while running. In particular, if the callback is synchronous but launches one or more background jobs then the number of those jobs cannot be limited by this class.

callback

Callback function, or None if there is not one.

The callback function is called when a new message is received; it receives one argument: the message (an object of type topics.BaseTopic.DataType).

Raises
TypeError

When setting a new callback if the callback is not None and is not callable.

Notes

The callback function can be synchronous or asynchronous (e.g. defined with async def).

Setting a callback flushes the queue, and it will remain empty as long as there is a callback.

get_oldest and next are prohibited if there is a callback function. Technically they could both work, but get_oldest would always return None and next would miss messages if they arrived while waiting for something else. It seems safer to raise an exception.

has_callback

Return True if there is a callback function.

has_data

Has any data ever been seen for this topic?

Raises
RuntimeError

If the salinfo has not started reading.

max_history
metadata

Get topic metadata as a TopicMetadata, if available,else None.

nqueued

Return the number of messages in the Python queue.

volatile

Does this topic have volatile durability?

Methods Documentation

async aget(timeout: Optional[float] = None) lsst.ts.salobj.type_hints.BaseMsgType

Get the most recent message, or wait for data if no data has ever been seen (has_data False).

This method does not change which message will be returned by any other method (except for the fact that new data will arrive while waiting).

Parameters
timeoutfloat, optional

Time limit, in seconds. If None then no time limit.

Returns
dataDataType

The current or next message.

Raises
RuntimeError

If a callback function is present, or if the salinfo has not started reading.

Notes

Do not modify the returned data. To make a copy that you can safely modify, use copy.copy(data).

basic_close() None

A synchronous and possibly less thorough version of close.

Intended for exit handlers and constructor error handlers.

async close() None

Shut down and release resources.

Intended to be called by SalInfo.close(), since that tracks all topics.

flush() None

Flush the queue used by get_oldest and next.

This makes get_oldest return None and next wait, until a new message arrives. It does not change which message will be returned by aget or get.

Raises
RuntimeError

If a callback function is present.

get() Optional[lsst.ts.salobj.type_hints.BaseMsgType]

Get the most recent message, or None if no data has ever been seen (has_data False).

This method does not change which message will be returned by aget, get_oldest, and next.

Returns
dataself.DataType or None

Return self.data if data has been read, else None.

Raises
RuntimeError

If the salinfo has not started reading.

get_oldest() Optional[lsst.ts.salobj.type_hints.BaseMsgType]

Pop and return the oldest message from the queue, or None if the queue is empty.

This is a variant of next that does not wait for a new message. This method affects which message will be returned by next, but not which message will be returned by aget or get.

Returns
dataself.DataType or None

The oldest message found on the queue, if any, else None.

Raises
RuntimeError

If a callback function is present, or if the salinfo has not started reading.

Notes

Use with caution when mixing with next, since that also consumes data from the queue.

async next(*, flush: bool, timeout: Optional[float] = None) lsst.ts.salobj.type_hints.BaseMsgType

Pop and return the oldest message from the queue, waiting for data if the queue is empty.

This method affects the data returned by get_oldest, but not the data returned by aget or get.

Parameters
flushbool

If True then flush the queue before starting a read. This guarantees that the method will wait for a new message. If False and there is data on the queue, then pop and return the oldest message from the queue, without waiting; if queue is empty then wait for a new message.

timeoutfloat, optional

Time limit, in seconds. If None then no time limit.

Returns
dataDataType

The message data.

Raises
RuntimeError

If a callback function is present, or if the salinfo has not started reading.

Notes

Do not modify the returned data. To make a copy that you can safely modify, use copy.copy(data).